Arabic Translation Services

Professional Translation Services for Arabic Languages

Interesting Reading: Translation Blog


Flag of the Sultanate of Oman

One of the oldest Arabic-speaking independent states is Oman. Located in on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula, the country is bordered by Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates. Unlike many other Arab countries, which remained under European colonial control until as far as the twentieth century, colonialism ended for Oman in the early sixteenth. Oman’s strategic location to the Persian Gulf was a very desirable quality for many possible conquerors. However Oman’s geography, which created natural barriers between it and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula, warded off invaders for centuries.

The proximity to the Gulf allows for humid weather along the coast in the eastern portion of the country. Towards the central region, there is a much more arid climate and gravelly desert. Along the northern boarder and southeastern edge, there lie mountain ranges. Oman is a fragmented country, which means that not all of its landmasses are connected to one another geographically. The northernmost portion of the country is separated from the rest by the United Arab Emirates. This region is known as Ruus al Jibal and is located directly on the Strait of Hormuz, which feeds into the Persian Gulf.

Map of the Sultanate of Oman

People have resided in the region that makes up modern Oman since Homo sapiens migrated there from Africa nearly one-hundred thousand years ago. These people developed tools, fishing and farming techniques, the domestication of animals, and the cultivation of crops. There is archaeological evidence of raised platforms that were used by the ancients to create ziggurat structures. This hints at an early influence from Mesopotamian civilizations, such as the Sumerians, who referred to the land as “Makan” and valued the area for its copper reserves. Along with the copper, archaeologists have discovered that the region of modern-day Oman was prized in ancient times for frankincense as well. By the sixth century BCE, these early civilizations had developed into the Iranian Empire known as the Achaemenid, which would be followed by two more Persian civilizations: the Parthians and the Sassanids. The control of these dynasties lasted from the sixth century BCE to the seventh century CE.

There has long been a tradition of knife-making in Oman. This khanjar knife dates around the 1920's.

The arrival of Islam in the seventh century CE was, as it is with many Arabic-speaking countries, a high milestone in the history and formation of the present state. Islam was brought to Oman by ‘Amr ibn al-‘As, who was sent by Muhammad himself. Oman was one of the first nations to accept and convert to the new religion. Thus, in the years following Muhammad’s death, Oman was a key component in the rapid expansion of Islam across both the Arabian Peninsula and across North Africa.

In the Middle Ages, Oman flourished in regards to its trade. The Middle East became the gateway for trade between the Western world and the rest of Asia. The maritime trade of Oman allowed the country to grow rich and strengthened Omani influence in other areas of the world- as far away as China and also in Africa. It was during this time that the khanjar knives, for which Oman is famous for, became synonymous with Arab and Muslim sailors. This fact demonstrates the domination Oman had over the seas in the Middle Ages. Even today, there is a strong tradition of creating the curved khanjar knives, which has become a unique art form of the country.

Middle Eastern domination of world trade ended in the fifteenth century, when an alternate route to the Eastern world was discovered around the southern tip of Africa. This route was discovered by Vasco de Gama, a Portuguese. By the year 1508, Portuguese presence in the area has escalated to their occupation of the city of Muscat, and eventually the whole of Oman. Their control lasted exactly one-hundred and forty years, until 1648. Evidence of Portuguese colonization is still present in some of the costal towns and cities, where a more European architectural style is present.

A traditional Omani boat, known as a Dhow, is anchored at Muscat.

The Portuguese were eventually driven out by defiant Omani nomads. Their leader, Nasr ibn Murshid, is still considered a national hero in the eyes of the citizens of Oman. The uprising of Oman against their conquerors helped to boost the economic and military prowess of the small nation and the country quickly became one of the wealthiest independent states in the Middle Eastern region.

Until the eighteenth century, Omanis enjoyed the leadership of a series of sultans that helped to create reforms to both the country’s navy and agriculture. However, in that same century, civil war broke out. This led to the northern faction to call on help from Persian armies, resulting in Persian occupation of the state for a short period of time in the 1740’s, until they were quickly overthrown. From this point to present-day, no other foreign body has had control over Oman. Yet, throughout the early nineteenth century, the country did develop notably strong ties with Britain. Unlike many other countries in the region, Britain did not declare a protectorate over Oman. Rather, Oman retained its sovereignty.

The prayer carpet at the Grand Mosque in Muscat is the second largest hand-woven carpet in the world at 230x 197 feet.

Economic conditions of the nineteenth century were not nearly as friendly to the Omanis as they were in the previous centuries. Many believe that the abolition of slavery is largely responsible for the declining circumstances. This initially resulted in a large-scale migration of Omanis to Zanzibar. When conditions continued to worsen, an uprising began. This revolution only worsened the economic status of the country and Oman called for help from British forces. In addition to military help, the British also loaned the government money- an act that only increased their influence in the country. The situation in Oman remained in a poor state, with rebels and the government not being able to come to agreement on terms of a peace treaty for several decades.

A 1903 photograph of the Muscat Harbor, with traditional Omani fishing and merchant boats.

By the early twentieth century, the nation was a much different from the Oman that had once flourished from its international relations in trade. Under Sultan Said bin Taimur, who was elected in 1932, Oman became a much more introverted, isolated country that was still very poor. Said bin Taimur ruled for thirty eight years, until his son took control of the country in 1970. The result of Sultan Qaboos Bin Said’s reign has been much different than that of his father’s. The discovery of oil allowed the country to open up to the rest of the world. Oman now also heavily relies upon its fishing and agricultural sectors. In addition, Sultan Qaboos Bin Said brought about reforms for Oman in the education, healthcare and the overall general welfare of the Omani people. In 2011, as with many of its neighbors, Oman experienced a series of uprisings and protests. While some got violent, many were peaceful. In response to them, Qaboos bin Said called for reforms throughout both the government and instituted a number of political and economic reforms.

Today, after decades of isolation, Oman has become a valuable and sought after ally for many foreign nations. Due to its close ties with most Middle Eastern countries and also with the United Kingdom and the United States, Oman is seen as a sort of mediator in world politics.

Acadian French | Accented English | African French | Afrikaans | Albanian | Amharic | Angolan French | Angolan Portuguese | Algerian Arabic | Algerian Arabic | Arabic Bahrain | Arabic | Egyptian Arabic | Jordanian Arabic | Arabic Lebanaon | Moroccan Arabic | Arabic Oman | Palestinian Arabic | Arabic Qatar | Saudi Arabian Arabic | Syrian Arabic | Tunisian Arabic | Arabic (UAE) | Armenian | Assamese | Azerbaijani | Azeri | Bambara | Basque | Bemba | Bengali | Berber | Bosnian | Bulgarian | Burmese | Burundi | Cajun French | Cambodian | Cantonese (Guangdong) | Catalan | Cebuano | Chin | Cantonese (China) | Mandarin | Traditional Mandarin | Chinese (Singapore) | Chinese (Taiwan) | Chuukese | Croatian | Czech | Dagbani | Danish | Dari | Dinka | Dutch | Dzongkha | English | African English | Australian English | British English... | Canadian English | Indian English | Irish English | New Zealand English | Scottish English | South African English | American English | Estonian | Ewe | Fante | Farsi | Finnish | Flemish | French Belgian | Canadian French | French Congo | French | Moroccan French | Swiss French | Tunisian French | Fula | Ga | Galician | Garo | Georgian | Austrian German | German | Swiss German | Greek | Greek Cyprus | Guarani | Gujarati | Haitian Creole | Hausa | Hawaiian | Hebrew | Hindi | Hmong | Hungarian | Icelandic | Igbo | Ilocano | Indonesian | Italian | Swiss Italian | Jamaican | Japanese | Kannada | Karen | Kashmiri | Kazakh | Khasi | Khmer | Kinyarwanda | Kirundi | Konkani | Korean | Krio | Kurdish | Kyrgyz | Laotian | Latvian | Lebanese | Lingala Congo | Lithuanian | Luganda | Luxembourgish | Maasai | Macedonian | Malagasy | Malay | Malayalam | Maltese | Manipuri | Maori | Marathi | Marshallese | Mende | Mizo | Mongolian | Nagamese | Navajo | Ndebele | Nepali | Nigerian Pidgin | Norwegian | Nuer | Oriya | Oromo | Papiamento | Papiamentu | Pashto | Polish | Angolan Portuguese | Brazilian Portuguese | European Portuguese | Portuguese Mozambique | Punjabi | Rohingya | Romanian | Russian | Rwanda | Rwandan | Serbian | Sesotho | Shona | Sinhala | Slovak | Slovenian | Somali | Sotho | Spanish | Argentinian Spanish | Chilean Spanish | Colombian Spanish | Costa Rican Spanish | Cuban Spanish | Dominican Republic Spanish | Ecuadorian Spanish | Salvadorian Spanish | Guatemalan Spanish | Spanish Honduras | Mexican Spanish | Neutral Spanish | Paraguayan Spanish | Peruvian Spanish | Puerto Rican Spanish | Spanish (Spain) | Uruguayan Spanish | Venezuelan Spanish | Swahili | Swazi | Swedish | Tagalog | Taiwanese | Tajik | Tamazight | Tamil | Telugu | Temne | Thai | Tibetan | Tigrinya | Tsonga | Tswana | Turkish | Turkish Cyprus | Twi | Tz'utujil | Ukrainian | Urdu | Uzbek | North Vietnamese | South Vietnamese | Welsh | Wolof | Xhosa | Yiddish | Yoruba | ZuluShow more [+]
Voice Talents
Acadian French Speakers | Accented English Speakers | African French Speakers | Afrikaans Speakers | Albanian Speakers | Amharic Speakers | Angolan Portuguese Speakers | Algerian Arabic Speakers | Arabic Bahrain Speakers | Arabic Speakers | Egyptian Arabic Speakers | Jordanian Arabic Speakers | Arabic Lebanaon Speakers | Moroccan Arabic Speakers | Arabic Oman Speakers | Palestinian Arabic Speakers | Arabic Qatar Speakers | Saudi Arabian Arabic Speakers | Syrian Arabic Speakers | Tunisian Arabic Speakers | Arabic (UAE) Speakers | Armenian Speakers | Assamese Speakers | Azeri Speakers | Bambara Speakers | Basque Speakers | Bemba Speakers | Bengali Speakers | Bosnian Speakers | Bulgarian Speakers | Burmese Speakers | Cajun French Speakers | Cambodian Speakers | Cantonese (Guangdong) Speakers | Catalan Speakers | Chin Speakers | Cantonese (China) Speakers | Mandarin Speakers | Traditional Mandarin Speakers | Chinese (Singapore) Speakers... | Chinese (Taiwan) Speakers | Chuukese Speakers | Croatian Speakers | Czech Speakers | Dagbani Speakers | Danish Speakers | Dari Speakers | Dinka Speakers | Dutch Speakers | Dzongkha Speakers | African English Speakers | Australian English Speakers | British English Speakers | Canadian English Speakers | Indian English Speakers | Irish English Speakers | New Zealand English Speakers | Scottish English Speakers | South African English Speakers | American English Speakers | Estonian Speakers | Ewe Speakers | Farsi Speakers | Finnish Speakers | Flemish Speakers | French Belgian Speakers | Canadian French Speakers | French Congo Speakers | French Speakers | Moroccan French Speakers | Swiss French Speakers | Tunisian French Speakers | Ga Speakers | Galician Speakers | Georgian Speakers | Austrian German Speakers | German Speakers | Swiss German Speakers | Greek Speakers | Gujarati Speakers | Haitian Creole Speakers | Hausa Speakers | Hawaiian Speakers | Hebrew Speakers | Hindi Speakers | Hmong Speakers | Hungarian Speakers | Icelandic Speakers | Igbo Speakers | Ilocano Speakers | Indonesian Speakers | Italian Speakers | Swiss Italian Speakers | Jamaican Speakers | Japanese Speakers | Kannada Speakers | Karen Speakers | Kashmiri Speakers | Kazakh Speakers | Khasi Speakers | Khmer Speakers | Kinyarwanda Speakers | Kirundi Speakers | Konkani Speakers | Korean Speakers | Krio Speakers | Kurdish Speakers | Kyrgyz Speakers | Laotian Speakers | Latvian Speakers | Lebanese Speakers | Lingala Congo Speakers | Lithuanian Speakers | Luxembourgish Speakers | Macedonian Speakers | Malagasy Speakers | Malay Speakers | Malayalam Speakers | Maltese Speakers | Manipuri Speakers | Maori Speakers | Marathi Speakers | Marshallese Speakers | Mizo Speakers | Mongolian Speakers | Nagamese Speakers | Navajo Speakers | Nepali Speakers | Nigerian Pidgin Speakers | Norwegian Speakers | Nuer Speakers | Oriya Speakers | Oromo Speakers | Papiamento Speakers | Pashto Speakers | Polish Speakers | Angolan Portuguese Speakers | Brazilian Portuguese Speakers | European Portuguese Speakers | Portuguese Mozambique Speakers | Punjabi Speakers | Rohingya Speakers | Romanian Speakers | Russian Speakers | Serbian Speakers | Sesotho Speakers | Shona Speakers | Sinhala Speakers | Slovak Speakers | Slovenian Speakers | Somali Speakers | Sotho Speakers | Argentinian Spanish Speakers | Chilean Spanish Speakers | Colombian Spanish Speakers | Costa Rican Spanish Speakers | Cuban Spanish Speakers | Dominican Republic Spanish Speakers | Ecuadorian Spanish Speakers | Salvadorian Spanish Speakers | Guatemalan Spanish Speakers | Mexican Spanish Speakers | Neutral Spanish Speakers | Puerto Rican Spanish Speakers | Spanish (Spain) Speakers | Uruguayan Spanish Speakers | Venezuelan Spanish Speakers | Swahili Speakers | Swedish Speakers | Tagalog Speakers | Taiwanese Speakers | Tajik Speakers | Tamazight Speakers | Tamil Speakers | Telugu Speakers | Thai Speakers | Tibetan Speakers | Tigrinya Speakers | Turkish Speakers | Twi Speakers | Ukrainian Speakers | Urdu Speakers | Uzbek Speakers | North Vietnamese Speakers | South Vietnamese Speakers | Welsh Speakers | Xhosa Speakers | Yoruba Speakers | Zulu SpeakersShow more [+]